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Home Trung tâm dữ liệu Biển Đông Dr. Tran Cong Truc, MEASURES FOR MAINTENANCE OF PEACE, STABILITY AND ENHANCEMENT OF COOPERATION...
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NameDr. Tran Cong Truc, MEASURES FOR MAINTENANCE OF PEACE, STABILITY AND ENHANCEMENT OF COOPERATION...
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Dr. Tran Cong Truc, MEASURES FOR MAINTENANCE OF PEACE, STABILITY AND ENHANCEMENT OF COOPERATION ON THE SOUTH CHINA SEA ( translated version)
 
Dr. Tran Cong Truc, Former Chairman, Government’s Committee for Boundaries, Viet Nam
 
"...The territorial dispute over the Paracels involves Vietnam and China. This dispute arose at the beginning of the 20th century (in 1909), starting with the brief visit by Commander-in-Chief Ly Chuan to some islands with a short landing on Woody island. This was precisely because the archipelago was under the control and management of France, whose troops were staying in solid garrisons, with facilities in service of the management by the French authority then continuing exercising, on behalf of Vietnam, sovereignty over the Paracels and Spratlys dating back at least to the 17th century. In 1946, taking advantage of the disarmament of the Japanese troops, the Chinese government sent its troops to occupy the eastern part of the Paracels but then had to retreat when Kuomintang was driven out of the mainland to Taiwan. In 1956, taking advantage of the French withdrawal from Indochina under the Geneva Agreement, and the Vietnamese government’s failure to take over the Paracels, the People’s Republic of China sent its troops to reoccupy the eastern part of the Paracels. In 1974, upon learning that the Sai Gon government’s troops were on the verge of collapse and American expeditionary force was forced to leave South Vietnam, with tacit approval of the American about China’s freedom of action (laisser faire), the People’s Republic of China sent its troops to the western part of the Paracels to seize Sai Gon-held islands. Vietnam, as the state having sovereignty over the Paracels, opposed or publicly protested against each and every move by China. It is “the first State in history to occupy and exercising sovereignty, the occupation exercise are real, peaceful, and in conformity with international law and practices”. Ever since China has made feverish efforts to consolidate and build the Paracels into a vital military base, a springboard for its southwards movement..."



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